Session 1 - The cooperative principle and implicature
Source: Pragmatics (Peccei, 1999. pp. 25-32)
By the end of this session, students should be able to:
- Demonstrate understanding and apply their knowledge of the co-operative principle and implicature This includes:
Gricean cooperative principle
Regardless of their background, participants will cooperate with each other in a conversation.
Failing to observe the maxims
- Violating (quiet; not obvious to the hearer) ----> no implicatures
- Flouting (obvious to the hearer) ----> implicatures
Friend A: You seem to be a coffee lover... What are your favorite flavors?
Friend B: I love chocolate cane, vanilla ice cream and orange juice.
Father: How's my son doing in the writing class?
Teacher: He’s such a sweet boy ... He doesn’t like to disturb his classmates ... Very quiet and obedient indeed.
- Refer to Randell’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab: http://www.esl-lab.com/
- Go through conversations and find 4 different instances in which maxims are not observed.
- Quote the exact turns, providing enough context. Then, identify which of the maxims is not observed, specifying whether the maxim is violated or flouted.