Saturday, December 29, 2012

Conversation Handouts: Dialogue vs. Monologue - May 18. 2007

Like in monologue, dialogue involves: cohesive devices, coherence/rhetorical relations, discourse markers, contextual references, recognising information status and intentions

Unlike monologue, dialogue additionally involves:
  • turn taking
    • dialogue structure manifested in dialog partys' contributions
    • participants (typically) obey turn-taking rules: who and when talks next 
  • establishing common groung —» grounding
    • participants (strive to) establish common ground
    • they signal that and what they hear, understand, and accept (or not)
    • repair misunderstandings
  • identifying conversational implicatures
    • participants rely on interpreting utterances beyond literal meaning
    • they adhere to the cooperative principle and the Gricean’s maxims

There is number of specific features to dialogue:
  • joint collaborative activity 
  • communicative goals
  • contextual interpretation (anaphora, ellipsis, world knowledge)
  • mechanisms for correction and repair
  • error recovery (handling mistakes and misunderstandings)
  • turn-taking (some discipline in who speaks, when and how long) initiative (who's in "control")
  • local structure (question-answer, greeting-greeting, etc.) global structure (opening, body, closing)