Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Chapter six: Classroom Management

Setting and organizing learning activities and pupil behaviour efficiently and effectively.

Challenges of Teaching Large Classes in Primary Schools in Egypt

  1. Pupils' academic and the English language levels vary widely.
  2. It is difficult to adopt teaching strategies appropriate to all pupils.
  3. It is difficult to communicate with individuals or member names.
  4. It is difficult to keep noise levels down. 
  5. Pupils have few chances to speak English or to answer questions. 
  6. Teacher's feedback on pupils' written work is limited.

Some General Tips
  1. Make the ground rules clear
  2. Do not shout or humiliate the children
  3. Use positive discipline rather than negative.
  4. Change activities at least every 20-25 minutes to make it interesting.
  5. Involve the whole class in lessons.
  6. Use visual aids in teaching as they are appreciated by all ages. 
  7. Use proximity (moving about the room and standing near students).
  8. Allow enough time for students to reply. Wait time is the amount of time a teacher waits for a pupil to answer before moving on. 
  9. Avoid interrupting students while they are speaking or preparing. 
Management Strategies to Overcome Particular Challenges    

1. Learning Names in a Large Class 
  • Desk Plates: Get the children to make name tents using scrap paper to serve as reminder.
  • A Map of the Class: Draw a rough sketch of the classroom and write the names of the pupils on it. 
2. Mixed Ability Classes:        
  • Differentiation:giving different work to different children in the class according to their ability level. 
3. Correcting Errors
  1. Allow the learner to correct him or herself. 
  2. Use rising intonation to show the point of the mistake.  
  3. Use finger correction (A method of correcting oral mistakes by using fingers to signify the words in a sentence or the syllables in a word.)
  4. Use your own gestures. 
  5. make the correction yourself. 
4. Giving Feedback on Homework and Written Work
  • Set homework which is easy to mark. 
  • Get the students to correct one another's work. 
  • Collect part of the class's work each week. 
5. Getting and Keeping the Class’s Attention
  • Make everyone responsible for getting one another’s attention. 
  • Praise and reward meeting criteria.
  • "If you can Hear my Voice, Clap Once."
  • Teach a Signal for "Stop talking." 
  • "Raise tour hand. Do not shout."
  • Let's do something different; e.g. songs, activities.
Positive Discipline: Reinforces and rewards good behavior

Negative Discipline : Punishing bad behavior