Friday, December 28, 2012

Applied Linguistics Handouts: Testing Revisited


Applied Linguistics           Dr. Dalia
Third Year                         4

CALL Applications

Search Engines

  • What are they? a valuable tool for on-line research
  • How do they work? Two main ways:
    • Search directories (clicking down through listings in a search directory)
    • Web crawler technology: (typo a word or phrase in a search box and click on 'Search') Most popular way to find information on the net.
  • Different Kinds: Google - Altavista - Northern Light - Yahoo - Dogpile
Strategies for Using Web Searches in Teaching

  • First step is making students sharpen their research focus.
  • How? Using concept mapping - Online scavenger hunts
  • Concept Mapping
    • A concept map is a diagram showing the relationships among concepts. It is a way for organizing and representing knowledge.
    • It includes concepts, usually enclosed in circles or boxes, and relationships between concepts indicated by a connecting line linking two concepts.
    • These concepts are arranged from general to specific

    • Benefits of Using Concept Mapping
      • They help us to understand complex information "at-a-glance."
      • The primary function of the brain is to interpret incoming information to make meaning.
      • It is easier for the brain to make meaning when information is presented in visual formats.
      • This is why a picture is worth a thousand words.
  • Online scavenger hunts
    • What are they? A scavenger hunt is a game in which individuals or teams seek to gather a number of specific elements or perform tasks as given by a list. The goal is usually to complete the list first.
    • Benefits of Scavenger Hunts:
      • One of the most popular tools for teaching students how to access and use the resources and information available on the Internet.
      • There are many reasons for the hunts’ rapidly growing popularity. Among them:
        • are easy to create and the resulting interactive searches are both fun and informative for students.
        • can be geared to any curriculum area, providing students with technological and subject matter knowledge.
    • More Benefits
      • can be used as a whole class activity, as a team activity, or as a means of providing individual students with review or challenge activities.
      • are flexible to suit different levels and ages
      • To conclude, a scavenger hunt is a way for students to practice problem solving, improve their reading and comprehension skills, and learn how to search the Internet.
  • Ideas:
    • Mammal Scavenger Hunt:;
      • Each student receives a handout with questions to answer and the websites the answer can be found on
      • Go to www.kidzone.ws/animals/mammals.htm and look at the four pages concerning mammals. Find the answers to the following questions:
        • How many kinds of mammals are there?
        • Are mammals warm or cold blooded?
        • Do dolphins have hair?
        • Which mammal does not have any teeth?
        • What does it mean to be a vertebrate?
      • Go to www.allaboutmammals.com and look for:
        • What is the fastest mammal?
        • How fast does it go?
        • What is the slowest mammal?
        • How slow is it?
        • Click on any of the mammals listed on this website and list three facts that you find interesting about that animal.
      • Go to www.bear-tracker.com and print out the tracks of two mammals
      • Go to http://natzoo.si.edu/Animals/SmallMammals/ Click on Meet some small mammals. Click on tiger quell facts. See if you can find:
        • What is the home range of the tiger quell?
        • What is its diet?
    • Egyptian Scavenger Hunt
      • You've just applied for a summer job as a helper to a world renowned Egyptologist. She wants you to be able to read and absorb information quickly, and to be facile at using the World Wide Web to locate data about Ancient Egypt To weed out the non-serious applicants, she has created a scavenger hunt The winner of the hunt win be her first choice for the job.
      • Resources: Here are some sites that might contain the information you need to complete the puzzle:
      • Clues
        • 1Down - Cleopatra's son by Julius Caesar
        • 3 Down - The name of the temple pictured to the right
        • 4 Down - One of the pyramids at Giza
        • 5 Down - Name given to the morning sun symbolized as a scarab beetle
        • 2 Across - Underwater building being explored by divers
        • 4 Across - Arabic word for bench
        • 6 Across - Location of the Temple of Hathor
        • 7 Across - King who spent 67 years on the throne
        • 8 Across - Statue of this god was found in Tomb 5
Evaluation of Web Sites:

Criteria for Web Site Evaluation:
  • Purpose: Determine whether the main purpose of the site is to inform or to persuade.
  • Author: The best sites are produced by those who have appropriate education, training, or experience to write with authority on the topic Check site documents or external sources to find out more about the author,
  • Content: Consider whether content seems biased. Does the author have a balanced point of view?
  • Coverage: You can compare the page to others on the same topic to see which provides better coverage. Currency: If you are looking for the most current Information on a topic, be sure to determine when information was added.
  • Recognition: try to determine whether the site has been recognized as exemplary by others linking to it, tagging or citing It
Research Projects:
  • Two types:
    • Topic-based: Using the web to gather information on a particular topic.
    • Topic-based Projects: Seeking information from the Internet to help solve a problem or perform a task
  • Task-based Projects
    • Cloning - Global warming - AIDS - Bird flu
    • Steps Needed for Carrying out this Project:
      •  Topic selection
      • Research Questions( specified by T. /Ss.)  
      • Scope of Research (limited ! free)  
      • Presentation (written report' presentation)
    • Task-based Projects:
      • Planning an evening in a foreign city  
      • Planning an entire weekend, given a certain budget  
      • Preparing a newscast  a Preparing a travel guide for honeymooners