|Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci, Galleria dell' Accademia, Venice (1485-90) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)|
The Renaissance is the revival of arts, literature, and classical scholarship in Europe. This movement had different beginning dates as the basis of literary development. It started in different times tthrought Europe in each country, and it had many forms. That is, throughout Europe in each country, and it had many forms. That is, it began in Italy in the fourteenth century in Italy and radiated progressively through France and Germany in the fifteenth century and finally to England in the sixteenth century. The period was characterized by the study of Greek and Latin literature and a belief in the individual and the power of education. Generally, the manifestation of the Renaissance had three major ideas upon which it was based, and they were not nationalism, humanism, and individualism.
At first, the Renaissance was marked by the growth of nationalism or national pride. In other words, it came with the idea that each country should have taken pride in its culture, language and heritage. Before that, the Roman Catholic Church romanized all Europe interfered in the internal affairs of countries, so people wanted to separate the Church from state. Instead of having one system and church, Europe began to be divided into different nations according to the language, the race and the religious sect. Also, this led to the spread of the vernacular language instead of Greek and Latin. For all these, territorial wars flared between the European countries like those between France and England for Normandy.
The concept of nationalism led to the appearance of the concept of humanism. This referred to a non-religious philosophy that was less abstract than that of the schoolmen and more concerned with the relationship between the human beings and the world where they lived. It showed that the human beings had a great significance and that we should respect his desires, body and ideals. This was a revolutionary idea because the Church neglected people and treated them according to their ranks. In painting, Renaissance artists like Raphael and Michelangelo depicted the human head up instead of the Middle Ages's depiction of the head down.
Lastly, the concept of individualism was based on the individual abilities as opposed to society. Before that, people remained as they were born whether they were lords or peasants. With the rise of the the Middle class, people became capable of making what they want. This led to the idea of the Renaissance man or the all-rounder man who acquainted himself with many fields of knowledge. An immense examples was Sidney who was an English poet, a soldier and a courtier in the court of Queen Elizabeth. Also, Leonardo da Vinci was a painter and an inventor as he was the first to write about the flying machine.